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Verb pattern: Subject + verb + adjective / adverb / noun + enough + to-infinitive

He is strong enough to lift that box. The boy wasn’t clever enough to understand that. We are not rich enough to buy a car. He didn’t run fast enough to catch the thief. Was he foolish enough to trust her?

chú ý that enough comes after the adjective or adverb it modifies.

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She is old enough to lớn be a grandmother. (NOT She is enough old khổng lồ be a grandmother.) He was kind enough to lend me a pound. (NOT He was enough kind to lớn lend me a pound.)

Too…to

Too-to shows undesirable excess. It has a negative meaning.

Subject + verb + too + adjective / adverb + to-infinitive

It was too hot to go out. (= It was so hot that we / he / they didn’t go out.) He was too tired to walk. (= He was so tired that he couldn’t walk.) The coffee was too hot for me to drink. (= The coffee was so hot that I could not drink it.) She has become too fat to wear her old jeans. You have become too much of a nuisance to put up with.

Notes

Too does not mean very.

She is very beautiful.

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(NOT She is too beautiful.) She is too fat. OR She is very fat.

In an informal style, however, too is often used instead of very.

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You are too kind. (Less formal than ‘You are very kind’.)

TOO

too + adjective This shirt is too expensive. It costs $30 và I have only $25.
too much + uncountable noun I drank too much water; now I really need lớn go khổng lồ the bathroom!
too many + countable noun She put too many eggs into the cake. The recipe said 3 và she used 5.
verb + too much He complains too much. He has such a negative attitude.

ENOUGH

enough + noun (countable or uncountable) We don’t have enough people for a soccer team.We have 8 people and a team needs at leas 11.
adjective + enough Sorry kid, you’re not old enough to lớn buy alcohol. You’re 19 và the minimum age is 21.
verb + enough I don’t exercise enough. I need khổng lồ go to lớn the gym more than once a month.