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Aluminum (Al H2SO4) reacts with the concentrated sulfuric acid to lớn generate aluminum sulfate Sulfer di-oxide as well as water when the sulfuric acid is very concentrated. The reaction is a Redox reaction. So The reaction is-


Al + H2SO4 (conc.) = Al2(SO4)3 + SO2 + H2O

Click khổng lồ see what occurs when you use diluted sulfuric acid- Al + H2SO4=?

Is the reaction is Redox:

Yes, The above reaction is an Oxidation-Reduction reaction because-

The Al oxidation number in the reactants is zero và Al on the left-hand side is + 3 in the aluminum sulfate.On the other hand, the Sulfer oxidation number in the reactants is + 6 but the oxidation number is lowered to + 4 on the left side in Sulfer di-oxide. That means the reaction is a Redox reaction.

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Sulfuric acid and Aluminum (Al H2SO4):

A chemical element with symbol Al và atomic number 13 is Aluminum or Aluminium. It is metal and very useful for our everyday life. It is a silvery-white, soft and nonmagnetic metal.

Sulfuric acid has a molecular formula H2SO4 and a mineral acid. It is a colorless, odorless, và syrupy liquid that is soluble in water. In this reaction, it acts as an acidic as well as an oxidizing agent. Its corrosiveness can be attributed primarily khổng lồ its powerful acidic nature and its dehydration and oxidizing characteristics at an elevated concentration.

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Balancing the equation of the reaction:

After balancing the equation of the reaction we will get-

2 Al + 6 H2SO4 (conc.) = Al2(SO4)3 + 3 SO2 + 6 H2O

As the reaction is a Redox reaction, we can use the ion-electron method khổng lồ prof the balance of the equation.

Ion-Electron method

The redox reaction equation between aluminum và sulfuric acid (Al H2SO4) in the skeleton form is –


 Al + H2SO4 (conc.) = Al2(SO4)3 + SO2 + H2O

♦The H2SO4 will function as both acid and oxidizing agent in this situation.♦

Here,

The Oxidizing agent: H2SO4The Reducing agent: Al

Oxidation Half Reaction:


⇒ Al – 3e– = Al3+ … … … … (1)

Reduction Half Reaction:

⇒ 4H++ SO42- + 2e– = SO2 + 2H2O … … … … (2)

Now, equation (1)x2 + (2)x3,

2Al – 6e– = 2Al3+

12H+ + 3SO42- + 6e– = 3SO2 + 6H2O

⇒ 2Al + 12H+ + 3SO42- = 2Al3+ + 3SO2 + 6H2O

Now adding necessary ions & radicals we get,

⇒ 2Al + (12H+ + 3SO42-) + 3SO42- = Al2(SO4)3+ 3SO2 + 6H2O

⇒ 2Al + (12H2 + 6SO42-)= Al2(SO4)3+ 3SO2 + 6H2O

⇒ 2 Al + 6 H2SO4(conc) = Al2(SO4)3 + 3 SO2 + 6 H2O

Imagination is everything. It is the preview of life’s coming attractions.

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Click on the reaction lớn learn to balance redox reaction easily by ion-electron method

KMnO4 + H2O2 + H2SO4 = O2 + MnSO4 + K2SO4 + H2O

FeSO4 + KMnO4 + H2SO4 = Fe2(SO4)3 + MnSO4 + H2O + K2SO4

NaCl + KMnO4 + H2SO4 = Cl2 + MnSO4 + Na2SO4 + K2SO4 + H2O


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